Crayfish Catching by California Indians

June Bugs are Edible

The Bear Doctor

Slugs as food

Methods to Gather Wasps and Bees to Eat

Ants as Native Californian Cuisine

Deer Hunting Traditions of the Apache

Hunters Take Aim for Conservation

Deer Drive Hunt Method of California Indians

Insect Diet Helped Early Humans Build Bigger Brains, Study Suggests

7 Insects You’ll Be Eating in the Future

TED Talk: Why Not Eat Insects?

Russians Put Frog in Milk to Prevent Spoilage

Bug Honeydew was a Sweet Treat for California Indians

Harvester Ants (Pogonomyrmex sp.) Used as Ritual Hallucinogen by California Indians

Cricket Hunting Method of Nevada Indians

Hunting… Good Photos

B. astutus

Native American Dogs

Grisly Grizzly Hunting

Tree Lobsters Live!


144202529_528b607a31_zCrayfish Catching by California Indians

A variety of primitive methods to trap or catch crawdads and cook them.


Polyphylla_olivieri_Laporte_de_Castelnau,_1840_(3887609658)June Bugs are Edible

A rare account of June beetles used as food, by the Bear River Indians.


pomo bear doctor suit

The Bear Doctor

Bone-chilling account of evil shamans who dressed as bears to kill their fellow Indians.



Slugs as food Banana slug (Ariolomax sp.) from Albion, CA.

How the California Indians cooked slugs to eat.



Methods to Gather Wasps and Bees to Eat

Methods used by the California Indians and other hunter-gatherer societies to gather the delicacy of wasp and bee larvae/pupae without getting stung.

Ants as Native Californian CuisineBlack Ant with Aphids honeydew

Methods of gathering, processing, cooking, and storing ants for food used by the Indians of California. Genera eaten are described, as is my experience eating ants.

Deer Hunting Traditions of the Apache

Traditional methods of hunting deer used by the Apache, uses for deer parts and cooking techniques.

Hunters Take Aim for Conservation

Commentary and link to Bay Nature article about how hunters are the number one supporters of conservation in the US.

My colored pencil drawing of a deer fawn standing in water.Deer Drive Hunt Method of California Indians

Methods of hunting deer, both modern and traditional, with description of a method used by Mendocino County Indians to drive deer as groups using long bark fences.


Insect Diet HelpCebusEatingKatydid470x300ed Early Humans Build Bigger Brains, Study Suggests

Links to articles about recent discoveries of a scientific study that indicates finding hidden insects during lean seasons by primates has probably led to increased sensory-motor skills.

7 Inseceating-insectsts You’ll Be Eating in the Future

Link to Livescience article about some commonly eaten insects, their potential for higher future consumption, and a recent million-dollar award to a start-up selling grasshopper flour.

TED Talk: Whygrasshopper food Not Eat Insects?

Link to TED lecture on the many benefits of entomophagy: better health, sustainable meat with less emissions/environmental impact, and yes, even for taste.

Russians P1280px-European_Common_Frog_Rana_temporariaut Frog in Milk to Prevent Spoilage

Link to scientific study of many antimicrobial compounds found in the common frog’s (Rana temporaria) skin. The study was inspired by the old practice of Russians to put a frog in milk to keep it fresh.

Bugaphid honeydew Honeydew was a Sweet Treat for California Indians

About aphids and related sap-feeding insects, how they produce a sweet nectar, and how California Indians collected this sugar, processed it, and used it for a tasty food.


Harvester AFeatured Image -- 310nts (Pogonomyrmex sp.) Used as Ritual Hallucinogen by California Indians

The strange, unique use of harvester ants’ powerful sting to induce hallucinations for vision or power quest rites of passage (and also as medicine) by Indians of the California deserts.

Cricket HuntImageing Method of Nevada Indians

How Indians of the Nevada desert harvested crickets in massive quantities with group hunts, and the importance of crickets in their diet.


Hunbobcat claw marks on manzanita trunkting… Good Photos

Account of enjoying my hunting trip without any kills. Some gathering of plants, nice photos, and an enjoyable camping experience were all I took.

B. astutusringtail looks down

Story about finding a ringtail cat killed on a highway, seeing it’s live brethren, and about the cave they led me to.



Native American Dogs

All about the dogs of pre-settlement American Indians; their history, behavior, appearance, varieties, and many different uses.


Grisly GrizzlFeatured Image -- 31y Hunting

Grizzly and other bear’s biology, ecology, biogeography, and brief history of human interaction in North America. Account of grizzly hunting/killing techniques practiced by Indians and Spanish colonists.

Tree LobstersS1 male on hand Live!

Story about giant walking sticks on a tiny island near New Zealand; how they were thought extinct, were re-discovered, and are being recovered.


Ethnozoology is “the study of local knowledge of fauna, and the culturally mediated relationships between communities of people and the other animals of their environment” (Hunn 2011). Though as ancient as ethnobotany, ethnozoology got off to a slower start as a modern science, with the first complete ethnoozoologies written in the first half of the 1900′s, and these concentrated on a single taxon (Anderson 2011). Few studies describe local tribal ethnozoology (Anderson 2011). Many studies focus on hunting and animism (Hunn 2011). Zooarchaeology or paleoethnozoology is studied with much the same methods of paleoethnobotany (Anderson 2011). Ethnoentomology is a subfield that has been historically dominated by edible insect studies (e.g. Bodenheimer 1951, Ruddle 1973), but including modern linguistic-based studies (e.g. Wynman and Bailey 1964) (Hunn 2011).


Anderson, E. N. Ethnobiology: overview of a growing field. In Anderson, E. N., D. M. Pearsall, E. S. Hunn, and N. J. Turner (eds.). 2011. Ethnobiology. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ.

Bodenheimer, F. S. 1951. Insects as human food, a chapter of the ecology of man. Dr. W. Junk, Publishers, The Hague.

Hunn, E. S. Ethnozoology. In Anderson, E. N., D. M. Pearsall, E. S. Hunn, and N. J. Turner (eds.). 2011 Ethnobiology. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ.

Wyman, L.C., and F.L. Bailey. 1964. Navajo indian ethnoentomology. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.

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